Further Reading

Photograph of Reverend Black, 1975

Reverend Claude Black, 1975



If you would like to read more about Rev. Claude Black or the history of the civil rights movement in San Antonio, the books and articles below provide an excellent starting point. The students in HIST 3468 conducted extensive research while working on this exhibit, and found the background in these sources useful as they began their work. 

Barnett, Bernice McNair. "Invisible Southern Black Women Leaders in the Civil Rights Movement: The Triple Constraints of Gender, Race, and Class." Gender and Society 7, no. 2 (June 1993): 162-82.

Behnken, Brian D. Fighting Their Own Battles: Mexican Americans, African Americans, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Texas. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Behnken, Brian D., ed. The Struggle In Black and Brown: African American and Mexican American Relations During the Civil Rights Era. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.

Black, Claude W., and Taj I. Matthews. Grandpa Was a Preacher: A Letter to My Grandson. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2007.

Clayson, William S. Freedom is Not Enough: the War on Poverty and the Civil Rights Movement in Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010.

Krochmal, Max. Blue Texas: The Making of a Multiracial Democratic Coalition in the Civil Rights Era. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2016.

Mason, Kenneth. African Americans and Race Relations in San Antonio, Texas, 1867-1937. New York  Garland Pub., 1998.

Pitre, Merline and Bruce A. Glasrud. Southern Black Women in the Modern Civil Rights Movement. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2013. 

Reid, D. A. Seeking Inalienable Rights : Texans and Their Quests for Justice. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2009.

Rosales, Rodolfo. The Illusion of Inclusion: The Untold Political Story of San Antonio. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.

Goldberg, Robert A. "Racial Change on the Southern Periphery: The Case of San Antonio, Texas, 1960-1965." The Journal Of Southern History 49 no. 3 (August 1983): 349-374. 

Houston, Ramona. "The NAACP State Conference in Texas: Intermediary and Catalyst for Change, 1937–1957." The Journal of African American History 94, no. 4 (Fall 2009): 509-28.

Pitre, Merline. “Texas and the Master Civil Rights Narrative: A Case Study of Black Females in Houston.” The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 116, no. 2 (October 2012):125–138.

De Jong, Greta. "Staying in Place: Black Migration, the Civil Rights Movement, and the War on Poverty in the Rural South." The Journal of African American History 90, no. 4 (Autumn 2005): 387-409.

Further Reading